A Brief History of Aircraft


Aviation has been the most powerful mode of transport in modern times. It plays an important role in the economy. It creates jobs, allows businesses to spread to other countries, and helps develop other industries, such as the tourism industry. In addition, aviation brings people from all over the world, and establishes stronger ties between cultures and countries.

It is such a useful invention for the whole world. But as unbelievable as it may seem, about two centuries ago, people thought it was impossible for humanity to reach airplanes. The Wright brothers proved them wrong.

On December 17, 1903, Wilbur and Orville Wright did the impossible. Covering for 85 seconds and 59 seconds, Wright Brothers made the first successful flight in human history. This progress has attracted the attention of governments and automotive enthusiasts around the world.

Over the next decade, aviation technology continued to grow rapidly. During this time, engineers replaced the old engines with better ones. The pilots sought to reach higher altitudes, beating the best records in aviation, as they reached higher speeds, higher altitudes and longer flights. For them, the sky is the limit.

Planes in World War II

When World War I broke out, airplanes became widely known as military equipment. This led to an increase in demand for aircraft. However, the most advanced aircraft development took place during this period, when engines were upgraded. The planes could then fly at 130 miles per hour, doubling the speed of pre-war aircraft.

In 1914, the aircraft was first tested in combat. In the minds of many, aviation planes mean bombs, air battles and surveillance. Moreover, when the war ended, the surplus of aircraft was so huge that construction companies closed, and the demand for these aircraft dropped to zero.

The planes were later used in military operations. In fact, they became the main tools of World War II, which gave birth to the term “fighter jets”. In 1937, the Germans were able to produce and test the first aircraft in history. Because it did not do as the Germans initially thought it was, it took them another five years to complete the plane, which was too late to change the outcome of World War II.

Birth of commercial airlines

It was 1976 when the airline was introduced in France and the United Kingdom. The first commercial aircraft was carrying more than a hundred passengers at almost twice the speed of sound. This led to a 3.5-hour flight from London to New York, which is significantly shorter. However, the cost was so high that at that time the flights were only for the rich and the privileged.

1996-1998 Russian-American aerospace companies have partnered with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to develop a second-generation supersonic aircraft.

Today, airline flights are already available, and they can be used for leisure or corporate travel. Planes are everywhere, and people now accept them as accepted. However, it should be remembered that this wonderful invention was brought not so long ago by the courage of the ancestors to resist the traditional beliefs of the people at that time.