This is part of a two-part review of aviation, starting today. It is a subjective look at some of the most important events in the development of aviation over the centuries.
Glenn Hammond Kurtis, who was well-known in the aviation industry in 1908, won first prize, The American American Trophy, for flying a plane when he flew the “June Mistake” on July 4, 5090 feet (1552 m) 1. per minute for 42.5 seconds. , 1908. Kurtis also won the first international speed event at a speed of about 47 m / s (75.6 km / h) on August 28, 1910. He also became the first American to develop and fly the first successful naval aircraft of the navy. performed by Henri Fabre of France on March 28, 1910.
Before the First World War, the design of the aircraft was greatly improved. With the Pusher biplanes (two engine-powered aircraft with engine-to-engine), they succeeded in tractor-loading (with two-engine aircraft with engine and engine in front of you). Monoplan’s design was rare, and when World War I broke out, huge two- to four-engine bombers were developed. The airline also started, although it only lasted a week. The first airline officially approved by the U.S. Postal Service began on September 23, 1911, and the pilot (Earl Owington) set foot on the mail and dropped the bag on the plane when it reached its destination. He completed the first transboundary flight through the United States in 1911 to Calbright P. Rogers. His flight from New York to California took 3 days, 10 hours and 14 minutes and was on a Wright plane.
During World War II, aviation made great strides in aircraft design and manufacturing. Equally important was the pilots who flew the early combat craft through the air drills required in dog fighting. Von Richthofen, Rinkber, and many others were as successful as they learned to master their planes.
From 1919 to 1926, there were several astonishing advances in aviation records. Captain E. White flew from Chicago to New York (727 mi – 1170 km) in 1919, and Lieutenant Oakley Kelly and Lieutenant A. A. A. Flight from May 2, 1923 to May 3. This flight was operated from Roosevelt Field, Long Island to Rockwell Field, San Diego; և The world’s first flight was made in 1924. April 6-28. In 1919, the first transatlantic flight was made by 14 William Alcock and Arthur Whiteen Brown from June 14 to June 15. It gave a little over 16. They won the London Daily Mail for $ 50,000.
Mail delivery has also been a big hit these years. In 1925, Congress passed the Kelly Air Mail Act, which authorized the Post Office to enter into contracts with air carriers. This made it possible to carry out air transportation by US mail. After that, 14 domestic airlines were established in 1926.
On May 20, 1927, Charles A. Lindbergh landed 33/2 hours later in Paris from the Roosevelt field near the Roosevelt field near New York City with the Spirit of St. Louis.
Before World War II, Pan American Airways was the largest operator of all international airlines in operation. Pan American served 46 countries, colonies that connected all continents, and almost all oceans. Its huge naval boats were known around the world as Flying Ribbons.
Pan American World Airways began life in 1927 with several aircraft and one route from Key West, Florida and Havana. From the very beginning came the airline, which will literally open the world to aviation. ” Pan Am has started developing more new aircraft than any other airline in history. It pioneered the world’s oceans and continents, eventually making daily flights around the globe.
During World War II, airplanes became a decisive factor in the war, and aviation, in general, made great strides. Production of small aircraft has increased significantly. Prior to World War II, the aerospace industry alone employed about 193,000 people, and by 1941 that number had grown to 450,000; At present, 3,375,000 passengers have been transferred by 18 US airlines, which is about 1 million more than in 1940. Airlines and express cargoes will also grow by about 30 percent. But before the end of World War II, a new flight boundary would be established: planes and rocket-propelled grenades.
After World War II և 1947, all the basic technologies needed for aviation were developed. jet engine, aerodynamics, radar, etc. Orders for civilian aircraft rose sharply in 1941 from 6,844 to 1945,000. One of the small military contractors was Boeing, which later became the world’s largest manufacturer of aircraft. With all the new technologies developed this time, the aircraft carriers were bigger, faster and more depressed cottages were on display. New aerodynamic designs, metals and power plants would lead to fast turbocharged aircraft. These planes would later be able to fly loudly and make transboundary flights regularly.
One of the most popular aviation records during this time was Voyager, developed by Burt Rutan. The flight, at an average speed of 115.8 km / h (186.3 km / h), lasted 9 days, 3 minutes, 44 seconds, covered 25,012 miles (40254 km) and ended in December 1986.