As an experienced conversation lover who has used verbal words since childhood, you can easily move from a group of people to modify your tone, vocabulary, and syntax accordingly. Often without thinking about it, you talk differently about your parents than you do to your teachers and differently from both groups when you are alone with your friends. You will not dream of using the same patterns of speech in the dressing room and church.
Most writers understand the concept of the audience and why it is important to understand who their audience is when authoring. However, just understanding the "who" of your audience is just the beginning of an experienced book. Effective writing and writing that work and receive the intended message and impact, must suit the community of discourse that it is destined to serve.
What is a discourse society? A discourse community is a group of people who "speak the same language" or, in other words, people who share your interest in specific topics, share a set of knowledge about these topics, and have common vocabulary to discuss these topics. Have you ever been around a group of people who have a common passion you did not know about? It may be a sport, a certain activity, a talent, or a job, but it is possible that without sharing the same passion you will find it difficult to follow their conversation. This is because you are not a member of the discourse community. While they speak the same language as you speak – English – the context of the dialogue community changes the way language is used as well as the content of that language.
You already belong to many discourse communities as a result of your family, ethnic and religious background as well as your personal interests and personal activities. Students enter the larger dialogue community from the institutions they attend as well as many smaller discourse communities within that institution, including classrooms, clubs, private institutions, disciplines and programs. Workers enter the larger dialogue community from their own workplace and depend on size and focus. The institution may also enter smaller dialogue communities within it. For example, in a hospital, a nurse can belong to a hospital dialogue community, nursing staff, and emergency management.
So why is it important for writers to consider the discourse society?
Speech is a broader and more formal discussion or discussion of our ideas, whether in speech or writing. Speech is important because we communicate in the social world in which we live and work. The social groups we communicate with are called communities. A community is a group of people connected to a common purpose or purpose. So the dialogue community is a social group that participates in dialogue.
When you engage in a dialogue society, you must understand the language used and how the language is used and what knowledge it generally possesses within society and what the motivation is and society cares about. The understanding of the discourse community goes beyond the mere knowledge and goal of your audience – understanding what words to use, how to frame these words into units (sentences, paragraphs, etc.), and what information members of society already have.
Once you understand the concept of the discourse society and begin applying it to your writings, you will immediately see an increase in the effectiveness of your writing. Then you can start making informed decisions about every aspect of your writing by choosing the word, grammar, syntax / paragraph to tone and level of formality.